Businesses have long recognized the need to decarbonize operations through setting GHG emission reduction targets, but these goals are typically short-term and incremental in nature – usually based on past performance or regulatory requirements. Science-Based Targets (SBTs) are far more ambitious and go beyond current legislation. They are aligned with climate science and stated aims of the Paris Climate Agreement. Their time horizon is longer (up to 2050) and require more aggressive cuts in emissions. This paper examines the ways a leadership position in the climate change race can be achieved with the adoption of Science Based Targets (SBTs).